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Alimony in New Jersey: Navigating the Tax Implications

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Apr 29, 2024

Alimony in New Jersey: Navigating the Tax Implications

Alimony: Understanding its Tax Implications

Alimony, or spousal support, is a payment made by one former spouse to the other following a divorce. In New Jersey, alimony is often a critical component of divorce settlements, as it helps ensure that both parties can maintain a standard of living like what they experienced during the marriage.

Indeed, the tax ramifications of alimony can be intricate, and they have experienced notable transformations in recent years. 

In this “Alimony in New Jersey: Navigating the Tax Implications,” we’ll explore the current tax treatment of alimony in New Jersey and guide you in navigating this aspect of divorce.


Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)

Before the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017, alimony payments adhered to a tax structure where they were deductible for the paying spouse and counted as taxable income for the receiving spouse. This setup often yielded a tax advantage for the couple, given that the paying spouse usually fell into a higher tax bracket than the recipient. However, the TCJA brought about significant changes to the tax dynamics of alimony for divorces concluded on or after January 1, 2019.

Under the new tax law on January 1, 2019, alimony payments are no longer eligible for tax deduction by the paying spouse and no longer counted as taxable income for the recipient spouse. This regulation applies to all divorces and legal separations finalized on or after the specified date. Nonetheless, the previous tax rules remain in effect for divorces finalized before this legislative change. Consequently, alimony payments remain tax-deductible for the paying spouse and are taxable income for the recipient spouse.


Understanding the Tax Implications Impact

The impact of these changes on divorcing couples in New Jersey can be significant. With the tax deduction, the paying spouse may have more disposable income for alimony payments, potentially leading to lower alimony awards. Conversely, the recipient spouse will no longer be liable for taxes on the alimony they receive, potentially increasing their net income.


Additional Tax Implications

It’s important to note that while alimony payments are no longer taxable or tax-deductible for divorces finalized after December 31, 2018, other aspects of the divorce settlement may still have tax implications. For example, the division of assets, such as retirement accounts or investments, can trigger tax consequences that should be carefully considered during divorce.



When negotiating alimony in a New Jersey divorce, it’s crucial to work with experienced family law attorneys and tax professionals who can guide you through the complexities of the tax code and help you achieve an equitable and fair settlement. Your attorney should be well-versed in the latest tax laws and their potential impact on your situation.

In addition to understanding the tax implications of alimony, divorcing couples in New Jersey should also be aware of the various types of alimony available and the factors that courts consider when determining alimony awards. The four types of alimony in New Jersey are:

  1. Open durational alimony (formerly known as permanent alimony)
  2. Limited duration alimony
  3. Rehabilitative alimony
  4. Reimbursement alimony

When determining alimony, courts consider several factors, such as the duration of the marriage, the age and health of each spouse, their earning potential and educational backgrounds, and the standard of living established during the marriage.


Passionate Representation for Your Alimony and Divorce Needs

Managing the tax ramifications of alimony within a New Jersey divorce can be intricate and demanding. With the alterations brought forth by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, seeking assistance from proficient New Jersey lawyers becomes crucial. These professionals can guide you through the intricacies and elucidate the potential consequences of these modifications on your divorce settlement.

At Dalena & Bosch, our top-rated NJ divorce attorneys are passionate about helping clients navigate the intricacies of alimony and divorce. With our extensive knowledge of New Jersey family law and a deep commitment to protecting our client’s rights and interests, we provide the guidance and support needed to achieve fair and equitable divorce settlements.

Our team of family law divorce attorneys comprehends the financial and emotional hurdles that come with divorce. We are committed to vigorously advocating for our clients and endeavoring to achieve the most advantageous outcomes.

If you’re considering divorce or amid the process, contact Dalena & Bosch to schedule a consultation. Our dedicated and compassionate attorneys will work with you every step of the way, providing the legal expertise and personal attention you deserve during this difficult time.

Elizabeth Dalena helped me through a very difficult divorce and I felt working with her was like working with a friend you can trust! Beth, thank you for your professionalism and helping me through this difficult time.
Michael Mastrogiacomo - March 2020
If you’ve been searching for an honest and empathetic attorney...someone you can trust while you navigate the difficult and emotional world of family law, then do yourself a favor and contact Beth Dalena & Jessica Bosch. You’ll be so glad you did.
Par 5 Consulting - March 2020
When you are in the painful and often frightening process of divorce, the women of this law firm bring you confidence and security with their knowledge and professionalism. They exhibit that rare combination of the willingness to hold your hand like a compassionate friend and defend you like a piranha in the courtroom when necessary. They exhibit dedication, and the grace and wisdom of their long term experience. They look…
Cindy Morhouse - February 2020
These ladies have helped me several times in my experience with them. Jessica was my divorce attorney and I can say without hesitation, she was professionally and personally a gift to me. She handled my case (adversarial at best) with grace and knowledge. A fighter when necessary. She handled me in my personal state as a friend. Compassionate and kind. Beth assisted me with rewriting my deed after my divorce…
Scarlett O - January 2020
I chose Jessica A. Bosch to represent me because she was compassionate and knowledgeable. My divorce was a long and difficult journey. During this time, I lost sight of what was really important. Jessica kept me grounded and focused on what would be best for me after the divorce. I am grateful for her help in protecting two very important financial things that I might have given up. I didn't…
Cynthia R - December 2019